Thursday, July 30, 2020

Another Blow To Primordial Black Hole Dark Matter

Primordial black hole dark matter theories are dying deaths of a thousand cuts from observational evidence. This is one example of this process playing out. 

The funny normative phrasing of the final sentence of the abstract is probably just a function of "lost in translation" in the case of a paper written by a non-native speaker of the English language.
The frequent detection of binary mergers of ∼30M⊙ black holes (BHs) by the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) rekindled researchers' interest in primordial BHs (PBHs) being dark matter (DM). In this work, we looked at PBHs distributed as DM with a monochromatic mass of 30M⊙ and examined the encounter-capture scenario of binary formation, where the densest central region of DM halo dominates. 
Thus, we paid special attention to the tidal effect by the supermassive black hole (SMBH) present. In doing so, we discovered a necessary tool called loss zone that complements the usage of loss cone. We found that the tidal effect is not prominent in affecting binary formation, which also turned out insufficient in explaining the totality of LIGO's event rate estimation, especially due to a microlensing event constraining the DM fraction in PBH at the mass of interest from near unity to an order smaller. Meanwhile, early-universe binary formation scenario proves so prevailing that the LIGO signal in turn constrains the PBH fraction below one percent. Thus, people should put more faith in alternative PBH windows and other DM candidates.

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