An important metric for discriminating between theories.
[Submitted on 2 Oct 2020]
The dependence of the galaxy stellar-to-halo mass relation on galaxy morphology
We investigate the dependence of the local galaxy stellar-to-halo mass relation (SHMR) on galaxy morphology. We use data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey DR7 with morphological classifications from Galaxy Zoo, and compare with the EAGLE cosmological simulation.
At fixed halo mass in the mass range , the median stellar masses of SDSS disc galaxies are up to a factor of 1.4 higher than the median masses of their elliptical counterparts. However, when we switch from the stellar masses from Kauffmann et al. to those calculated by Chang et al. or Brinchmann et al., the median SHMR from discs and ellipticals coincide in this mass range.
For halo masses larger than , discs are less massive than ellipticals in same-mass haloes, regardless of whose stellar mass estimates we use. However, we find that for these high halo masses the results for discs may be affected by central/satellite misclassifications. The EAGLE simulation predicts that discs are up to a factor of 1.5 more massive than elliptical galaxies residing in same-mass haloes less massive than , in agreement with the Kauffmann et al. data. Haloes with masses between and , that host disc galaxies, were assembled earlier than those hosting ellipticals. This suggests that the discs are more massive because they had more time for gas accretion and star formation. In haloes, the central black holes in elliptical galaxies grew faster and became more massive than their counterparts in disc galaxies. This suggests that in this halo mass range the ellipticals are less massive because AGN feedback ejected more of the halo's gas reservoir, reducing star formation, and suppressing the (re)growth of stellar discs.